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How to Choose the Right Canvas for Oil or Acrylic Painting

For centuries painters have used canvas to express their creativity, and to this day canvas remains the painting surface of choice for beginners and masters alike, especially for acrylic painting.

Canvas is a versatile painting surface and comes in a variety of shapes, sizes and forms to suit every need and every budget. Arteza offers a multitude of canvases and canvas panels in a variety of different shapes & sizes. Lets take a look at the different types of canvas, and how to go about choosing the type that will work best for you.

Why Use Canvas

Canvas is very flexible in terms of size and can be used for everything from tiny paintings to large, expansive works. However, the two main reasons why canvas is such a popular surface among painters is due to how great it feels under the brush, as well as its obvious longevity. Canvas is also much lighter and easier to transport than traditional wood surfaces that was also often used.

What Makes A Great Canvas

When choosing a canvas there are a number of things to consider, such as fabric, texture, and priming. All of these have an effect on the quality of the canvas and what kind of painting it is most suited to.

Fabric

The fabric used in most canvases are either linen or cotton. Of the two, linen is considered the best due to the quality of the surface and its durability, however, it is also very expensive. Cotton is a more affordable option that provides an excellent surface of suitably durable quality.

Texture

Canvas is constructed of natural fibres that are woven together, producing different textures depending on how finely it is woven. Different textures are suited to different types of painting, where the smooth surface of finely woven canvas is best suited to smaller, detailed work, rougher weaves are best for broad brush strokes, as well as larger sized paintings.

Prime or No Prime

In order to create a surface that will show the true colours of the paint, most canvases are primed with gesso (pronounced “jesso”), a mixture plaster of Paris, glue, chalk or pigment, preventing the paint from being absorbed into the fabric of the canvas. While the majority of canvases are primed, some artists use unprimed canvases for the dull, textured colour it produces.

Types of canvases

Canvases are available in various forms to suit different applications and budgets. The main types are stretched canvas, canvas panels, canvas pads, and canvas rolls.

Stretched canvas

Stretched over a wooden frame, called stretcher bars, stretched canvas is one of the most popular types of canvas for acrylic painting. Most commonly made of cotton, the canvas is primed with gesso to create an ideal painting surface. Canvases are primed for either oil painting or acrylic painting, so make sure you get the right one.

Frames come in different sizes and thickness, referred to as deep (thicker) or traditional (thinner). The choice of frame usually depends on how the painting will be displayed — if you intend to frame the artwork, then a traditional thickness is better, while deep frames are suited for unframed paintings, or if you’d like to add detail to the side of the canvas.

Canvas Panels

Stretched canvas can be a bit expensive, especially for beginners, and canvas panels offer a high quality, more affordable alternative. Usually made from primed cotton canvas that’s mounted onto a rigid board, these panels are great for practice and are lightweight and easy to carry, making them perfect for students. While canvas panels offer nearly the same quality surface as stretched canvas, they don’t age as well, and is thus mostly suited for practice.

Canvas Pads

Other common forms of canvas include canvas pads, as well as canvas rolls. Canvas pads are sheets of primed canvas that are spiral-bound in a book. The sheets used in many pads can be stretched or mounted, but as with canvas panels they don’t last as long as stretched canvas. Canvas pads are ideal for novices, students or just for practice.

Canvas Rolls

If you’re an experienced painter who likes to prepare and stretch your own canvas, or if you’d like to create very large paintings, then you can get canvas rolls. These rolls of canvas are made from either linen or cotton, come in different weights, textures and fibres, and are available either primed or unprimed. They’re usually sold by the yard, or in rolls, which can get quite expensive.

Before you invest in any canvas, do some research and check out all the options in order to choose the type of canvas that is best suited to your needs, and your pocket.

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Comments

Arteza - April 28, 2022

Hi Amanda!
The Classic line is a student grade product, it is the perfect choice for light paint applications, practice, studies and class projects. The Premium line is high-quality canvas/panels that can be used with a variety of media, from oils and acrylics to gouache and tempera. We always offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee, so don’t hesitate to try something new!

Amanda Traverzo - April 28, 2022

What is the difference between classic canvas or panel versus the premium canvas or panel?

Arteza - April 28, 2022

Hey James, our stretched canvas would be a good general option as it can be used for both acrylic and oil paints.

Brandon mcleod - April 28, 2022

Dont put a layer of oil down first lol. Oil aka Medium is supposed to be mixed with the paint directly. You’re making a painting, not baking muffins or cooking asian cuisine so you don’t start with a film of oil like that.

James Maddison - April 28, 2022

Wish someone would answer these questions.

Ashley Cole - April 28, 2022

Superb paintings, something to love and be proud of. Acrylic painting is a relatively modern medium for artistic expression, The Acrylic painting tell a story about the subjects. teach us about innovation and dedication of the artist. Many artists are attracted to acrylic painting for its dominant bright colors and sharp brushstrokes and lines, as well as for the paint’s capacity to be used on a variety of surfaces and mixed with a multitude of other media. Acrylic painting offers the artist a wide range of approaches, providing a wealth of creative potential for artistic innovation and fresh new ideas. Wonderful tutorial. I love the way you explained each and everything. It will help me a lot. Here, I must share one thing that is My recent purchase was “Oil Painting on Canvas”. I bought it from IndianArtZone and it is Very Beautiful and fits perfectly for my Living Room. They sell only original paintings and artist verified authenticity. I am very satisfied and appreciate their prompt shipping as promised. Thanks for sharing this blog, Keep posting.

Glenda - April 28, 2022

I have tried to do the bob ross wet on wet technique a d put black gesso on a double primed canvas and then a very light coat of liquid clear or linseed oil. Both times my paint went stick. Is it because I’m using double primer canvas. Please help because I’m getting discouraged.

Joshua Aaron - April 28, 2022
I am really impressed with you for the selecting of new and unique topic of How to choose Right Canvas for Oil or Acrylic Painting and also well written article on it. I truly delighted to see the artworks that you have shared in the article. However, you have covered all points, I am a great fan of paintings and I have bought several paintings from different online stores. I cannot imagine my life without these pieces of art for my home. They set the perfect tone for my mood. I cherish drinking a cup of tea and admiring the beauty of these pieces of artworks which gives me inner power boost. My recent purchase was “Contemporary Art”. I bought it from IndianArtZone and it is Very Beautiful and fits perfectly for my Living Room. They sell only original paintings and artist verified authenticity. I am very satisfied and appreciate their prompt shipping as promised. I would suggest you for Contact them to know more. Again Thanks for sharing this page, ARTEZA Collaborator . Keep posting!
Jason - April 28, 2022

My boss is an oil painter, and my coworkers and I are thinking about getting him some/a canvas. Without knowing anything about painting, is there a good general canvas for oil painting?

Theresa - April 28, 2022

This was very helpful I’m a new beginner in acrylic painting…
Thank you

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